Everyone experiences times throughout a day when their mind wanders or they feel a need to get up and move around. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) occurs when these and other behaviors happen so frequently that it significantly impacts someone’s quality of life. People with ADHD face certain challenges quite often, challenges such as remaining productive at work, being an attentive partner or spouse, or applying themselves fully to their schoolwork.
Not all ADHD is the same. In fact, there are three main types of ADHD: inattentive type, hyperactive/impulsive type, and combined type. For people with the inattentive type, they may experience difficulties such as not being able to pay close attention to details, becoming easily distracted, and struggling to follow through on completing tasks. Often, people with this type are labeled “space cases” by their teachers or friends. For those with the hyperactive/impulsive type of ADHD, they find themselves struggling to sit still, wait their turn to talk, or remain seated. ADHD can also show up as a combined type, where someone experiences a combination of both the inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive symptoms.
Only a trained professional can diagnose ADHD, and once diagnosed, there are several treatment options. Depending on what struggles a person is facing, a therapist may work with someone with ADHD to enhance organizational or even relationship skills. Cognitive Behavior Therapy has also been shown to be helpful in treating symptoms and related difficulties of ADHD. Some may seek prescription medications such as stimulants to help manage symptoms, though this is a personal choice and many with ADHD live meaningful and successful lives without the use of medication.