Personal Centered Therapy, pioneered by Carl Rogers, is a form a therapy in which the patient is viewed as the expert in the room. That is, the patient is the one who has the most access to their inner experience and they are the one who has the greatest ability to promote healing. The therapist has a role of creating the space in which a patient can reach their own potential. There are three main components of Person Centered Therapy that the therapist embodies: genuineness, empathy, and unconditional positive regard. It is believed that if a therapist can provide these within the context of therapy, then patients will be able to lift themselves up and reach their own goals.
While being genuine, empathetic, and unconditionally caring toward a patient are characteristics that describe most therapists, Person Centered Therapists differ from many others in terms of their approach. WIthin Person Centered Therapy, therapists take a non-directive stance. Therapists are not there to offer advice or reassurance, but more importantly are there to stay attuned to the present state of the patient and communicate this attunement so that the patient feels empowered to discover their own path. Patients are encouraged to experience themselves in full capacity, with therapists being willing to stand alongside of them.